جدید ترین عناوین خبری امروز
[custom-login-form btn_close="true" logo_src="https://fastzaban.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/logo-fastzaban-com.jpg" btn_register_class="btn_show_registerForm"] کاربر جدید هستم! [/custom-login-form][custom-register-form btn_close='true' logo_src='https://fastzaban.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/logo-fastzaban-com.jpg' ]
خانه » سوالات EPT تشریحی » 1000 سوال EPT با پاسخ تشریحی – بخش 21
  • fastzaban
  • ۱۹ مرداد, ۱۴۰۱
  • ۰۹:۴۲
نمونه سوالات آزمون ept دانشگاه آزاد رایگان

1000 سوال EPT با پاسخ تشریحی – بخش 21

فست زبان: در ادامه مجموعه مطالب 1000 سوال EPT با پاسخ تشریحی، بخش 22 که شامل سوالاتی از بخش درک مطلب این آزمون می باشد را تقدیم شما داوطلبان می کنیم. 

توصیه مهم: باتوجه به عدم انتشار سوالات آزمون های زبان دکتری مختلف ( اعم از EPT و MSRT و MHLE و…) توصیه می شود حتما سوالات این مجموعه را با دقت کار کنید و برای مرور و تثبیت مطالب از آن استفاده کنید.

لیست بخش های دیگر مجموعه آموزشی 1000 سوال ای پی تی با پاسخ تشریحی

بخش 21: سوالات درک مطلب

Section Three: Reading Comprehension
Directions: Read the passages and choose the one best answer, (1), (2), (3) or (4), for each question.

Passage 2
Adam Smith felt that the workings of the free marketplace inevitably produced results beneficial to the society. He felt that free competition would reduce prices to the lowest possible levels and that the law of supply and demand would cause production to be neither too little nor too great. The laissez-faire policies of the  century, in which government did not intervene in economic workings, resulted from Smith’s theories. Finally, the excesses of the monopolists proved that the marketplace was not free, and government began regulating the marketplace. Today government is so large as to resemble an octopus, and it is debatable whether its or our monopolies would distress Smith more.

311. It may be inferred from the passage that Adam Smith believed that …………
1) free marketplace could be the result of social freedom

2) laissez-faire was not thought to be a good economic policy
3) the society could benefit from free marketplace
4) government’s economic influence should be widespread

312. According to the author’s description of Smith’s views, …………..
1) governments are allowed to buy large amounts of goods

2) free competition may increase supply and demand
3) governments should not intervene in marketplace
4) the law of supply and demand will cause a balance in production

313. According to the passage, government began to regulate the marketplace because …………
1) the monopolists felt free to limit their activities

2) it resembled a large octopus free to destroy the economy
3) the monopolists took unlimited actions for gaining profits
4) it was highly influenced by the laissez-fair capitalism

314. The word its in the last line refers to …………..
1) monopolists

2) monopolies
3) government
4) Smith’s theories

315. The fact that government began to regulate the marketplace shows that …………..
1) the laissez-fair could not be employed

2) Smith’s theories were absolutely appropriate
3) monopolists were free
4) supply and demand are needed to control the marketplace


Passage 3
The term oil painting refers to more than a technique. It defines an art form. The technique of mixing pigments with oil has existed since the ancient world. However, oil painting as an art form was not born until there was a need to develop and perfect the technique in order to express a particular view of life. The techniques of tempera (paint mixed with egg white) and fresco (water paints used on wet plaster) were felt to be inadequate for this need. Canvas instead of wooden panels was found to be a suitable medium for oil painting as wood did not hold the paint well. When oil paint was first used at the beginning of the fifteenth century for painting pictures of a new character, this character was somewhat inhibited by the survival of various medieval artistic conventions. Consequently, the oil painting did not fully establish its own norms, its own way of seeing, until the sixteenth century.

Nor can the end of the period of the oil painting be dated exactly. Oil paintings are still being painted today. Yet the basis of its traditional way of seeing was undermined by the impressionism and overthrown by Cubism. At about the same time, the photograph took the place of the oil painting as the principal source of visual imagery. For these reasons, the period of the traditional oil painting may be roughly set as between 1500 and 1900.

316. What is the main topic of the passage?
1) The technique of painting in oil

2) The different perspectives of oil painting
3) The reason oil painting died out in 1900
4) Why oil painting was not established until 1600

317. The word “pigments” in line 2 is closest in meaning to ………… .
1) dyed materials

2) coloring matter
3) color washes
4) colored stains

318. According to the passage, canvas was selected for oil painting as it ……… .
1) was drier than plaster

2) was not as hard as wood
3) had a good surface for paint
4) could be cleaned easily

319. It can be inferred from the passage that the “new character” in line 9 is a/an ………… .
1) artistic person

2) medieval method
3) original technique
4) different view point

320. The word “norms” in line 11 is closest in meaning ……………… .
1) rules

2) attitudes
3) habits
4) behaviors

321. What reason did artists have for refining the techniques of oil painting?
1) To develop oil painting as an art form

2) To reveal tempera and fresco as inadequate techniques
3) To show a new way of looking at things
4) To express a perfect way of life

322. The phrase “this need” in line 6 refers to ……………… .
1) a way of using water paints

2) the perfecting of painting in oils
3) the technique of tempera painting
4) a certain view of life

323. Which of the following did NOT contribute to the demise of oil painting in 1900?
1) Medieval art and techniques

2) Beginning of photography
3) New ways of seeing
4) Growth of new art forms

324. According to the passage, the techniques of tempera and fresco were inadequate because …………… .
1) they could simply express meaning

2) it was difficult for the artists to adapt themselves with the techniques
3) they were insufficient for showing the new ways of looking at life
4) canvas instead of wooden panels was found to be suitable

325. The sixteenth century is an important period for oil painting because  …………….. .
1) it states the date when oil painting could establish itself

2) before that Impressionism and Cubism had tried to undermine oil painting
3) before that tempera and fresco were highly appreciated by artists
4) for the first time it was used for painting new characters

پاسخ تشریحی سوالات

لغات دشوار متن 2:

resemble همانند بودن، شباهت داشتن inevitably بطور اجتناب‌ناپذیری، ناگزیر
debatable تردیدپذیر؛ قابل‌بحث beneficial سودبخش، سودمند؛ سودبرنده
distress آزردن؛ زحمت دادن؛ نگران کردن supply عرضه؛ تهیه؛ ذخیره، موجودی
benefit from سود بردن از؛ منفعت کردن demand تقاضا؛ خواسته؛ نیاز، ضرورت
widespread گسترده؛ رایج، شایع intervene مداخله کردن؛ مؤثر بودن؛ میان آمدن

311. گزینه 3  با توجه به جمله اول متن، می توان نتیجه گرفت که آدام اسمیت عقیده داشت که جامعه می تواند از بازار آزاد بهره‌مند شود.

312. گزینه 4  [جزئیات بیان شده در متن] با توجه به خط‌های سوم و چهارم، قانون عرضه و تقاضا تولید را متعادل خواهد کرد (بخش 3 Fast Reading).

313. گزینه 3  [جزئیات بیان شده در متن] با توجه به خط ششم، بدلیل زیاده‌روی monopolistها «انحصارطلب‌ها» دولت شروع به تنظیم بازار کرد.

314. گزینه 2  کلمه its به government رجوع می کند (بخش 4 Fast Reading).

315. گزینه 1  با توجه به متن، اقتصاد آزاد را نمی شد بکار گرفت.


لغات دشوار متن 3:

بهبود بخشیدن؛ تصفیه کردن refine ناکافی، کم؛ بی‌صلاحیت، ناشایسته inadequate
آشکار کردن؛ الهام شدن reveal بازداری کردن، جلوگیری کردن inhibit
نابودی؛ مرگ، فوت demise زنده ماندن، بقا؛ ماندگاری survival
سازگار کردن؛ اقتباس کردن adapt پایه چیزی را سست کردن؛ تضعیف کردن undermine
ناکافی، نابسنده؛ نارسا insufficient برانداختن؛ منقرض کردن overthrow
ارزش قائل شدن؛ درک کردن appreciate اصلی، عمده، بنیادی، مهم principal

316. گزینه 2  [ایده اصلی متن] موضوع اصلی متن، دورنماها و منظرهای مختلف نقاشی رنگ و روغن است. (بخش 2 Fast Reading).

317. گزینه 2  pigment «رنگ‌دانه، ماده رنگی».

318. گزینه 3  [جزئیات بیان شده در متن] با توجه به خط‌های ششم تا هشتم، canvas «بوم نقاشی» بدلیل اینکه سطح مناسبی برای نقاشی کردن داشت، برای نقاشی رنگ و روغن انتخاب شد.

319. گزینه 1  در خط نهم، کلمه character احتمالاً به یک فرد هنرمند اشاره می کند.

320. گزینه 1  norm «قاعده، ضابطه».

321. گزینه 3  با توجه به خط‌های سوم و چهارم متن، هنرمندان به جهت نشان دادن شیوه‌ای جدید در نگریستن به زندگی، نقاشی رنگ و روغن را بهبود بخشیدند (refine: develop, perfect).

322. گزینه 4  [مرجع ضمیر] در خط چهارم به نیاز به بیان یک تصویر خاص از زندگی اشاره شده است و this به آن رجوع می کند (بخش 4 Fast Reading).

323. گزینه 1  با توجه به پاراگراف آخر متن، در شروع به کار عکاسی، شیوه‌های جدید نگریستن به جهان و رشد قالب‌های هنری جدید، در نابودی نقاشی رنگ و روغن سهیم بودند.

324. گزینه 3  با توجه به خط‌های سوم و چهارم متن، تکنیک‌های تمپرا و فرسکو ناکافی بودند، زیرا قادر به نشان دادن شیوه‌های جدید در نگریستن به زندگی نبودند.

325. گزینه 1  قرن شانزدهم یک دوره مهم در نقاشی رنگ و روغن بود، زیرا بیانگر تاریخ استقرار این هنر است.


برگرفته از کتاب بانک سوالات EPT جلد اول: استاد مهرداد زنگیه وندی – انتشارات جنگل

پایان بخش 21م مجموعه 1000 سوال آزمون EPT با پاسخ فوق تشریحی/

5/5 - (1 امتیاز)
دیدگاه ها 0

دیدگاهتان را بنویسید

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *

کد امنیتی *-- بارگیری کد امنیتی --